Work and families – especially low-earning families, stratification, and opportunity
Poverty, welfare, and workforce development policies and programs
Economic sociology theory
Roberta (Bobbie) Iversen, PhD, MSS, associate professor in SP2, uses ethnographic and related forms of qualitative research to extend knowledge about economic mobility, particularly among families who are working but still poor. Her ethnographic accounts illuminate what low-income working parents need from secondary and post-secondary schools, job training organizations, employers, their children’s public schools, and public policy in order to earn enough to support their families through work. Housing policy in Milwaukee and workforce development programs and policy in New Orleans, Seattle, St. Louis, and Philadelphia were improved by findings presented in Iversen’s 2006 book, Jobs Aren’t Enough: Toward a New Economic Mobility for Low-Income Families, co-author A.L. Armstrong. The ethnographic research was made possible by multiple independent grants from the Annie E. Casey Foundation.
Because the labor market has changed dramatically over the past 30+ years and there are not enough well-paying jobs in the U.S., Dr. Iversen’s second book, Speaking of Work: Decades of Struggle and Ways to Expand What “Work” Is (draft title) is under review. This book draws upon Iversen’s interview-based research through welfare reform (1990s), the tight labor market in the late 1990s, and the two recessions in the 2000s and their anemic recoveries that persist and are compounded now by the economic downturn during the coronavirus pandemic. Speaking of Work expands ideas about what is considered and compensated as “work” and provides new ways that expanded work in the form of compensated “civil labor” can foster people’s capabilities and result in increased personal, family, and community flourishing.
Iversen’s research provides master’s and doctoral students with real-life examples that extend their understanding of poverty, welfare, work, stratification, social policy, social programs, and mobility. In 2019, Dr. Iversen received the Excellence in Teaching Award in SP2 for the Standing Faculty. In 2014, Dr. Iversen was named to the inaugural class of Fellows of the Society for Social Work and Research. From 2013-2018 she served on the Executive Committee of the Mayor’s Shared Prosperity Philadelphia anti-poverty initiative. At SP2, Iversen served as Associate Dean for Academic Affairs (2000-2005) and Faculty Director of the Master of Science in Social Policy (MSSP) program (2009-2016).
Iversen, R.R. (2019, March). Transforming “work”: From capability approaches to Ulrich Beck’s civil labor. Social Work & Society: International Online Journal, 16(2), Special Issue on “Ambivalences of the Rising Welfare Service State”
Iversen, R.R. (2019, October). Poverty, unemployment, and work: The unsafe ‘Safety Net,’ inadequate wages, and possible policy solutions. In M.E. Reisch (ed), Social Policy and Social Justice: Meeting the Challenges of a Diverse Society, 3rd Edn, Ch. 12, pp. 353-382. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Iversen, R.R. (2017). Hurricane Katrina’s families and children: Before, during, and after the deluge. Review Essay. Journal of American Studies, 52(1), 1-5.
Parsons Leigh, J., Gauthier, A., Iversen, R.R., Luhr, S., & Napolitano, L. (2018). Caught in between: Neoliberal rhetoric and middle-income families in Canada and the United States. Journal of Family Studies, 24(2), 170-186.
Iversen, R.R. (2009). ‘Getting out’ in ethnography: A seldom-told story. Qualitative Social Work, 8(1), 9-26 (lead article).
Iversen, R.R. (2009). Are we subjugating the “user” of social work research to save the profession? In Hans-Uwe Otto, Holger Ziegler, & Andreas Polutta (eds), Evidence-based Practice: Modernizing the Knowledge Base of Social Work,” pp. 47-59. Leverkusen Opladen, Germany & Farmington Hills, MI: Barbara Budrich Publishers.
Iversen, R.R. & Armstrong, A.L. (2008). Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans: What might an embeddedness perspective offer disaster research and planning? Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 8(1), 183-209.
Iversen, R.R. & Armstrong, A.L. (2007) Parents’ work, depressive symptoms, children, and family economic mobility: What can ethnography tell us?” Families in Society (Special issue on the Working Poor), 88(3), 339-350.
Iversen, R. R., Gergen, K.J. & Fairbanks, R.P.II. (2005) Assessment and social construction: Conflict or co-creation? British Journal of Social Work, 35, 689-708.
Iversen, R.R. & Armstrong, A.L. (2006). Jobs Aren’t Enough: Toward a New Economic Mobility for Low-Income Families. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Iversen, R.R. (2002). Moving Up Is a Steep Climb. Baltimore, MD: Annie E. Casey Foundation.